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Alas Purwo National Park, Banyuwangi

30 March 2010 1,380 views No Comment

Alas Purwo National Park is one representative of lowland rain forest ecosystem in Java, Indonesia.

alas purwo gate



There are unique and endemic plants in this national park like kecik sapodilla (Manilkara kauki) and bamboo manggong (Gigantochloa manggong). Other plants are ketapan (Terminalia cattapa), nyamplung (Calophyllum inophyllum), kepuh (Sterculia foetida), keben (Barringtonia asiatica), and 13 more types of bamboo.

forest



Alas Purwo National Park is the habitat of some wildlife such as ebony leaf monkey (Trachypithecus auratus), banteng (Bos javanicus), ajag (Cuon alpinus javanicus), peacocks (Pavo muticus), forest chicken (Gallus gallus), deer (Cervus timorensis russa), leopard (Panthera pardus melas), and mangrove cat (Prionailurus bengalensis javanensis). Rare and protected animals such as lekang turtles (Lepidochelys olivacea), star fruit turtles (Dermochelys coriacea), hawksbill turtle(Eretmochelys imbricata) and green turtle (Chelonia mydas) are often landed on the southern coast of this national park in January to September.

green turtle



There are approximately 16 species of Australian migratory birds that can be seen at Segoro Anakan in the period of October-December including the cekakak suci (Halcyon chloris / Todirhampus sanctus), kirik-kirik laut (Merops philippinus), trinil pantai (Actitis hypoleucos), and trinil semak (Tringa glareola).

Plengkungin the southern of Alas Purwo National Park has been known to the world level surfers as G-Land. It’s because the location of the surfing area in the Gulf Grajagan is resembling the letter G. It also because Plengkung is located not far from the expanse of tropical rain forest that looks green (green-land) all the time. Plengkung is one of four world’s best surfing places and can be compared with the ones on Hawaiian, Australia, and South Africa.

g-land



Local Communities around the national park are full and thick with the color of “Blambanganculture. They strongly believe that Alas Purwo is the last stops of Majapahit people who escape from the invasion of Mataram kingdom, they also believe that the forest stored the Heritage Weapon ‘Kris Sumelang Gandring‘.

Therefore, it is not strange if there is a lot of people who do ‘semedhi‘ or religious ceremony in Cave Padepokan and Cave Palace. Not far from the entrance (Rowobendo) there is a historical relic “Pura Agung“(Great Temple) which became a place of Hindus’s Pagerwesi ceremony. The ceremony is held every 210-day period.

This national park has a variety of objects and natural tourist attractions and cultural tourism (sea, sand, sun, forest, wild animal, sport and culture) that is located not so far from each other.

Some interesting objects to visit:

  • Sadengan. Located 12 km (30 minutes) from the entrance of Pasaranyar, is a meadow for grazing animals such as buffalo, deer, wild boar and birds.
  • Trianggulasi. Located 13 km from the entrance of Pasaranyar, is a white sandy beach with coastal forest formations for marine tourism activities and camping.
  • Ngagelan beach. Located 7 km from Trianggulasi, is a place to see some kinds of turtles landed to lay their eggs on the beach and a place for turtle breeding activity.
  • Plengkung. To see world-class professionals surfers doing some attractions.
  • Bedul Segoro Anak. Boating, swimming, water skiing on the lake and observing migratory birds from Australia.
  • Caves. There are 40 places which can be described as natural and artificial cave including Cave Japan to see the relics of two 6-meter long cannons, Cave Palace, Cave Padepokan and other caves for cultural tourism and tourist caving activities.

How to reach the location:
Banyuwangi-Pasaranyar 65 km, and Pasaranyar-Trianggulasi 12 km using a car. Trianggulasi-Plengkung, go 10 km along the beach. Other locations such as the Lake Segara Anak, Sadengan, Rowobendo can be taken on foot from Trianggulasi.


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