Angklung, World Cultural Heritage
Angklung art from Indonesia has just been ordained as one of the world heritage by UNESCO on a trial in Nairobi, Kenya, 16 November 2010. It was officially ordained as The Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.
The word angklung is derived from angka(eng:number) that means the tone, and lung which means broken or missing.
Based on the words mean, angklung can be said as incomplete tone or incomplete harmony. This definition is according to Soepandi and Atmadibrata in their writings in 1977.
Angklung grew mainly in Tatar Sunda, West Java, Indonesia, almost identical with the Pajajaran Kingdom that was formerly hostile to Majapahit Kingdom in East Java. If the Majapahit culture synonymous with brick or terracotta, Pajajaran culture synonymous with bamboo.
Therefore, we know, no remaining physical legacy from the Pajajaran Kingdom it’s usually using bambbo which easily doty, then vanished.
In its development, angklung grew and spread all over Java, to Kalimantan and Sumatra. Recorded in 1908, there was a cultural mission from Indonesia to Thailand, marked by the transfer of angklung, and then this bamboo musical instrument also spread there.
Angklung can be played by up to 50 people, or even up to 100 and can be combined with other musical instruments such as piano, organ, guitar, drums, and others. Aside from being a tool of art, angklung can also be used as souvenirs after decorated with various other accessories.