Buton, Makasar Folklores of Aru Palaka
Aru Palaka Escape Story
Tutturangiana Andaala festival is associated with history of the island and kingdom of Buton. On the island, the 8th Buton Sultan Mardan Ali Oputa Yi Gogoli was buried. Based on historical records, in 1666 the Gowa Kingdom in South Sulawesi sent 20,000 troops with the aim of attacking the kingdom of Buton. The excuse is that the kingdom of Buton protected Aru Palaka, a rebel against the kingdom of Gowa.
The attacks was launched after the news spreaded that Aru Palaka, who is the son of a Royal family of Bone, fled and hid in Buton since 1660. When running away, Aru Palaka brought the princess of Gowa kingdom named Daeng Talele. The news broke after the Sultan of Buton received Aru Palaka with open arms and even pledged cooperation with the Bone.
Buton managed to repulse Gowa’s attacks with the help of Dutch troops sent from Batavia. Gowa troops led by Karaeng Bonto are captured and exiled in a small island in the waters of bay Baubau.
That time, people called the small island ‘liwuto’ which means —well— island. When the Dutch troops made their way to Ternate, Sultan Buton released the Gowa forces captured in the island. The release was done after the kingdom of Gowa paid the ransom.
Since then, the island is better known as the island Makasar —with one ‘s’—. Which means the island that had ever become the detention place for Gowa forces originating from Makassar —with 2 ‘s’—.